Improving UAV Swarm Capacity using Distributed MIMO

Unmanned aerial vehicles are envisioned to be an integral part of future wireless networks. UAV basestations can provide on-demand infrastructure, adapting to spatially and temporally varying user requirements. In scenarios like open air festivals and outdoor markets, a swarm of UAVs can be used to meet user data rate demands. Unlike ground basestations, aerial basestations rely on wireless backhaul for connectivity to the core network. Shared among multiple UAVs, the backhaul link can pose a capacity bottleneck as the number of UAVs increase. By using a multiantenna ground station, the air to ground channel becomes a distributed MIMO channel. Using spatial multiplexing can address the capacity bottleneck. However, the attainable capacity gains rely on the UAV positions. A highly correlated channel can only provide limited capacity gains. In this study, we have two goals:

1) We analyze the dependence between the UAV positions and the achieved MIMO channel capacity. From this analysis, we Identify  the UAV placements that maximize the capacity.

2) We develop algorithms to optimize the UAV positions to maximize the MIMO capacity. Using simulations and analysis, we verify these algorithms and evaluate their performance.


Selected publications

Y. -C. Wang and D. Cabric, "Distributed UAV Swarm Placement Optimization for Compressive Sensing based Target Localization," 2023 International Conference on Computing, Networking and Communications (ICNC)
S. Hanna, E. Krijestorac, and D. Cabric, "UAV Swarm Position Optimization for High Capacity MIMO Backhaul", in IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 2021
S. Hanna, E. Krijestorac, H. Yan, and D. Cabric, "UAV Swarms as Amplify-and-Forward MIMO Relays" (invited paper) inIEEE International Workshop on Signal Processing Advances in Wireless Communications (SPAWC), 2019